A human rights center calls for serious pressure on the occupation to end the siege of Gaza

Al-Mezan Center for Human Rights called, today, Sunday, for the need for international efforts to combat poverty in the Gaza Strip to be accompanied by serious, real and effective pressures on the Israeli occupation authorities to end the prolonged siege and ensure their respect for the rules of international law.

This came in a statement by the Center, on the occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, which falls on October 17 of each year, which was adopted by the United Nations to highlight the suffering of the poor, and chose to commemorate this occasion in 2021 under the slogan “Building Forward: Ending Poverty.” continued, respect for people and our planet.”

The center said, “Despite the international efforts exerted to combat poverty, and to warn of its dire consequences on human rights, the problem of poverty among the residents of the Gaza Strip is exacerbated by the continuation of the Israeli war attacks targeting the civilian population and their property, the continuation of the siege and the severe restrictions on the freedom of movement and movement of goods and people, in addition to to the challenges imposed by the Covid-19 pandemic on the economy of the dilapidated sector and contributed to deepening the problem of poverty and the suffering of the poor.”

The monitoring and documentation work carried out by the Center indicates the continued deterioration of living standards in the Gaza Strip. As a result of the continuation of the siege imposed by the occupation authorities for the 14th year in a row, as well as the continued military attacks, the most violent of which was witnessed in May 2021, where the occupation forces destroyed tens of thousands of housing, economic establishments and other civilian and private and public objects and caused serious damage to public services and infrastructure as they claimed Dozens of civilians, including (93) heads of families, provide for (500) people, including 193 children.

The already deteriorating humanitarian situation deteriorated, after the Israeli occupation forces deliberately targeted and attacked residential towers and destroyed (1504) housing units completely, and (6373) housing units partially, forcibly displacing thousands of residents and making their lives hell, and the occupation forces also destroyed (851) public facilities. , (427) commercial establishments, and (51) industrial establishments, in addition to the destruction of (673) agricultural plots, benefiting about (6696) individuals in the Gaza Strip, which contributed to the loss of hundreds of employees, workers and even employers of their sources of income to become poor and in need. destitution condition.

The Covid-19 pandemic had serious effects on the economic and social conditions, as it caused the death of (1506) citizens, and the injury of (179635) others. Persons new to the army of the poor and the unemployed. As stated in the center's report.

The Corona pandemic revealed major gaps in the social protection sector in the Gaza Strip, as many groups remained outside the protection umbrella, such as: workers, the elderly and women, which requires the design of an effective and comprehensive protection system, pointing to the real suffering incurred by the poor, especially those who receive cash assistance. From the cash transfer program due to the reduction and delay in the disbursement of periodic cash assistance. The number of beneficiary families is estimated at (79,629) families in the Gaza Strip. According to the report.

The continuation of the siege and the war attacks contributed to the high unemployment rates among the labor force, which registered (45%), in addition to the high rates of poverty, as international institutions expected it to rise from (53%) - which is the percentage announced by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics in 2017 - to (64%), while the rates of food insecurity have risen to (62.2%), and due to the deteriorating economic conditions, about (80%) of the population has become dependent on international aid for the basic necessities of living. As stated in the report.

He said that “the restrictive measures faced by NGOs, especially in freedom of association and the procedures related to the Palestinian Monetary Authority on the one hand, and the reduction in international funding for humanitarian programs implemented by these institutions on the other hand, have limited the ability of these institutions to reach marginalized and vulnerable segments, especially patients and the elderly, providing assistance and contributing to improving their lives and creating job opportunities.”

The high rates of poverty contributed to compromising the overall human rights of the poor, especially access to water, appropriate medical care, adequate housing, access to water and other basic services such as electric power. As mentioned by the center

Al Mezan Center for Human Rights stressed that poverty leads to a violation of the basic rights contained in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, stressing that the Israeli occupation and its behavior undermine efforts that would alleviate the problem of poverty in the Gaza Strip.

He called on the international community to pressure the Israeli occupation authorities to end the siege imposed on the Gaza Strip, lift the restrictions imposed on the freedom of movement and movement of goods and people to and from the Gaza Strip, and ensure the import of raw materials and production requirements whose free flow is one of the necessary conditions for the development of the productive sectors, and to ensure the export of industrial products. agricultural, production cycle and job opportunities.

It also called on the international community to push forward the process of reconstruction and infrastructure development in the Gaza Strip, particularly the reform of economic, production and infrastructure facilities, the rebuilding of housing and the restoration and development of roads and water, electricity and sewage feeding networks.

He called on the international community to strengthen its support for relief institutions, especially UNRWA, to enable them to respond to the growing humanitarian pressures in light of the deteriorating humanitarian conditions and the spread of the Corona pandemic, and to provide support to relief institutions working in the humanitarian field.

He also called for a review of all procedures related to civil institutions and restrictions imposed on financial transfers, the resumption of the payment of cash dues to poor families and ensuring their regular and periodic disbursement to ensure the minimum requirements for a decent living, calling on the official authorities to take all measures, including the development of programs and budgets. Aiming to combat poverty in the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian territories in general.

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