Statistics: More than half of young graduates are unemployed

The unemployment rate among graduates (15-29 years) of the middle diploma and above reached 58% in 2018 (40% for males and 73% for females) compared with 45% in 2015, the Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) said. 2008 (37% for males and 54% among females).

According to a press release on the situation of youth in Palestinian society, on the occasion of the International Youth Day, which falls on the twelfth of this month, graduates from the specialization of educational sciences and teacher training in 2018 recorded the highest unemployment rate (76% (52% for males and 81% Graduates from the law specialization scored the lowest unemployment rate at 29% (25% for males and 41% for females).

About 1.1 million young men and women in Palestine

The percentage of youth (18-29 years) in Palestine is about 23% of the total population (1.13 million), and the proportion of sex among young people at 105 young men per 100 young women, note that the estimated population in Palestine in mid-2019 indicates that the total population The number of young people was also about 23% in both the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

15% of Palestinian households are headed by youth

According to the General Census of Population, Housing and Establishments 2017, the percentage of households in Palestine in which a young man heads the household and makes important decisions is about 15% (14% in the West Bank and 17% in Gaza Strip). In 2007, this percentage was 9% in Palestine, 10% in the West Bank and 8% in Gaza Strip.

73% of registered marriages for 2018 were for young females

Marriage and divorce data for 2018 in Palestine indicate that 73% of the total registered marriage contracts for females are for young women (18-29 years) compared to 79% for young people (18-29 years).

On the other hand, data show that the rate of divorce for young females (18-29 years) amounted to 67% of the total occurrence of divorce in 2018, compared to 55% for males (18-29 years).

Rise in the proportion of young women with a bachelor's degree

The percentage of youth (18-29 years) with a bachelor's degree and above increased from about 12% (11% in the West Bank and 13% in the Gaza Strip) in 2007, to about 17% in Palestine, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 2018.

At the sex level, the proportion of young women (18-29 years) with a bachelor's degree or higher increased from about 11% in 2007 to about 22% in 2018, while the proportion of young men (18-29 years) with a bachelor's degree increased Up from about 11% to about 13% over the same time period.

Significant increase in enrollment in education among youth during 1997-2017

Data from the Labor Force Survey in 2018 showed that 37% of young people (18-29 years) are enrolled in education (45% in the age group (18-22 years)) and 7% in the age group (23-29 years). The enrollment rate among males reached 20% compared to 28% for young women.

Fading illiteracy in Palestinian society, including youth

The illiteracy rate among youth in Palestine (18-29 years) decreased from about 1.1% (1.1% in the West Bank and 1.2% in the Gaza Strip) in 2007 to about 0.7% in Palestine, the West Bank and Gaza Strip according to the Labor Force Survey data. For 2018.

More than half of young people are in the workforce

The labor force participation rate among youth (18-29 years) in Palestine increased in 2018 to 52% (77% among males and 26% among females) compared to 44% in 2008 (68% among males and 18% among females). The rate of participation among individuals in the category (18-29 years) in the West Bank increased from 45% in 2008 to 50% in 2018, and increased in the Gaza Strip from 42% to 54% during the same period.

The unemployment rate is high among young people and is increasing over time

The unemployment rate among youth (18-29 years) in Palestine increased in 2018 to reach 45% (36% among males and 70% among females) compared to 37% (36% among males and 43% among females) in 2008, on the other hand decreased The unemployment rate among youth (18-29 years) in the West Bank increased from 28% in 2008 to 27% in 2018, and increased significantly in the Gaza Strip from 53% to 69% during the same period.

Half of the youth are not in employment, education or training

50% of the youth (18-29 years) were out of work and education / training in 2018, 41% in the West Bank compared to 63% in the Gaza Strip, while at the sex level it was 35% and 65% for males and females respectively.

Young females in Palestine receive an average daily wage of approximately 68% of that of young males

The average daily wage for NIS employees in Palestine (18-29) years from Palestine was about 100 NIS in 2018 (71 NIS for females compared to 105 NIS for males). Gaza strip.

13% youth and adult participation rate in formal and non-formal education and training during the last 12 months in 2018, 27% for youth (18-29 years) and 4% for the category (30-64 years) compared to 1% for the elderly 65 years and over The rate was 11% for males and 15% for females.

Young women are concentrated in the services sector

The percentage of youth working in the services sector (including education, health, social work, administrative services and support services) reached 25% in 2018 (19% for males and 67% females) compared to 28% working in the trade, restaurants and hotels sector (30% for males and 14% for females). 20% in the construction sector (23% for males and 0.1% for females), 16% of young workers employed in industry (17% of males and 12% of females employed), and the proportion of workers in the agricultural sector reached 7% (8%). 4% for males and 4% for females), while the transport, storage and communication sector employed 5% (6% for males and 4% for females).

Young people in decision-making positions do not exceed 1%

Data for 2018 showed that 0.9% of young people work in the profession of lawmakers and senior management employees: 1.0% in the West Bank and 0.4% in Gaza Strip.

A special study prepared by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) on the gap between education and work showed that there is a large gap between education outputs and the needs of the labor market. On the disciplines that students must attend.

One in four young men tried to establish special projects

Based on the results of the Palestinian Youth Survey 2015, the results show that about 24% of the youth (18-29 years) tried to establish private projects, 17% in the West Bank and 34% in Gaza Strip. With clear differences by sex, the percentage of young males who tried to set up private projects was 33% compared to 14% of young women. Of the young people who tried to set up private businesses, 17% of the youth already had private projects, 20% in the West Bank and 15% in the Gaza Strip. Only 6% of females have private projects.

The vast majority of young people have at least one mobile phone line and a wide spread of smartphones among them

The data of the socio-economic conditions survey for 2018 showed that the percentage of youth (18-29 years) who own a mobile phone or a smartphone reached 91% in Palestine, 96% in the West Bank and 82% in Gaza Strip. Among females 87% and males 94%.

With regard to the use of the Internet among young people (18-29 years), the results of the survey showed that the percentage of young people who use the Internet from anywhere has reached 80% in Palestine, 85% in the West Bank and 71% in Gaza Strip. In terms of sex, this ratio was 78% among females and 82% in Palestine.

About 82% of young people possess basic ICT skills

ICT skills are essential for participation in the Information Society and are positively linked to social welfare and economic productivity.

Data from the Socioeconomic Conditions Survey in 2018 showed that about 82% of youth (18-29 years) in Palestine who used computers possess basic skills such as copying files or folders or using copying and pasting tools and sending e-mails, and 72% of youth. 18-29 years) of those who used computers have standard skills such as installing or configuring software or using formulas on spreadsheets, and 18% of young people (18-29 years) who use computers have advanced skills such as writing a computer program using a specialized programming language .

3 out of 100 young people have difficulty, and approximately 15% of young people with difficulty are not enrolled in education

The data of the General Census of Population, Housing and Establishments 2017 shows that 32,646 youth (18-29 years) in Palestine have a difficulty rate of 3.2%, with 14,527 individuals in the West Bank (2.5%) 18,119 individuals in the Gaza Strip (4.2%). The difficulty rate among young males was 4.4% compared to 2.0% among young females. Motor difficulties are the most prevalent among youth, with 1.4% of Palestinian youth aged (18-29 years) suffering from motor difficulties followed by visual difficulty by 1.2% for the same group.

Percentage of youth (18-29 years) who have difficulty by region

As for access to education among young people with difficulty, in 2017, the results indicated that the percentage of those who never attended education was about 15% (17% in the West Bank compared to 13% in Gaza Strip).

More than half of Gaza's youth are poor

The poverty rate among individuals according to monthly consumption patterns was estimated at 29.2% in 2017 (14% in the West Bank and 53% in Gaza Strip), while the poverty rate among individuals (18-29 years) according to monthly consumption patterns was 30% (13%). In the West Bank and 57% in the Gaza Strip).

It was found that 17% of individuals in Palestine suffer from extreme poverty (6% in the West Bank and 34% in Gaza Strip). The extreme poverty rate among individuals (18-29 years) was 18% in Palestine (6% in the West Bank and 36% in Gaza Strip).

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed August 12 of each year as an International Youth Day, an annual celebration of the role of young women and youth as key partners in change, as well as an opportunity to raise awareness of the challenges and problems facing those young women and youth worldwide. This year highlights the efforts - including those of young people themselves - to make education accessible to all and to facilitate it for young people. In line with SDG 4, "Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all".

 

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